Is the tall central space of a church or cathedral usually flanked by side aisles?


Generally, a passageway flanking a central area. In a basilica or cathedral, aisles flank the nave.

What is the central space of a cathedral or basilica called?

nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What type of Roman structure has a large center aisle the nave smaller side aisles and semi circular extensions at one or both ends of the building?

The basilica was a large gathering space in Ancient Rome that was used as a public forum or meeting center. It was comprised of a massive rectangular hall, or nave, flanked by aisles and a semicircular apse at one end.

Which is the central space of a longitudinal church?

nave The central longitudinal space of a bascilican church. It is usually flanked on its lond sides by aislas which are separated from the nave by columns or piers. In many churches, the lay congregation stand in the nave to attend religious services.

What is the difference between a basilica and a central plan church?

The Latin cross design essentially adds two lateral extensions (called “transepts”) to the original basilica layout, while the central plan design essentially compresses the basilica into a square (or other shape with rotational symmetry, e.g. octagon, circle, Greek cross).

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What is the center aisle of a church called?

Nave. The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church or the main body of a church between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel. It is the zone of a church accessible by the laity.

What is the aisle in a church called?

In church architecture, an aisle (also known as an yle or alley) is more specifically a passageway to either side of the nave that is separated from the nave by colonnades or arcades, a row of pillars or columns. Occasionally aisles stop at the transepts, but often aisles can be continued around the apse.

Which plan describes a building especially a church which has a long nave and one or two apses on the ends or sides?

A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.

What is the space around the altar called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.

Why might a medieval church have side aisles?

The pilgrims entered the church and found their way to the chapel or altar of their desire—therefore, the side aisles made an efficient path for pilgrims to come and go without disrupting the daily services.

Where is the apse usually located?

You’ll most often find an apse in a church. In Gothic, Romanesque, and Byzantine Christian churches, it’s very common to find a semicircular area with a vaulted ceiling, often topped by a dome, on the east side of the building.

Why is it called a basilica?

A basilica is a large, important church. The word can also be used for an Ancient Roman building that was used for law and meetings. The word “basilica” is Latin which was taken from the Greek “Basiliké Stoà”.

What makes a church a basilica?

basilica, in the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches, a canonical title of honour given to church buildings that are distinguished either by their antiquity or by their role as international centres of worship because of their association with a major saint, an important historical event, or, in the Orthodox …

What are the four parts of the church?

The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.

What is a church walkway called?

The word aisle comes from Latin “ala” (meaning “wing”), so it probably describes the side walkways in a church.

What is the raised area in the front of a church called?

pulpit, in Western church architecture, an elevated and enclosed platform from which the sermon is delivered during a service. Beginning in about the 9th century two desks called ambos were provided in Christian churches—one for reading from the Gospels, the other for reading from the Epistles of the New Testament.

What is an apse used for?

Apses make a building look fancier, or more complicated. If you’re going to be doing something important at one end of your building – like saying Mass at one end of a church, or judging court cases at one end of a basilica – then an apse makes that end of the building seem more important than the other end.

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What is an apse quizlet?

What is an apse? a semi-circular section of the sanctuary covered by hemispherical vault.

What is the wall behind the altar called?

In altarpiece. The term reredos is used for an ornamental screen or partition that is not directly attached to the altar table but is affixed to the wall behind it. The term retable simply refers to any ornamental panel behind an altar.

What is the foyer of a church called?

The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church’s main altar.

What is the chancel area of a church?

chancel, portion of a church that contains the choir, often at the eastern end. Before modern changes in church practice, only clergy and choir members were permitted in the chancel.

Which side of the church is the pulpit?

Location of pulpit and lectern

Often, the one on the left (as viewed by the congregation) is called the pulpit. Since the Gospel lesson is often read from the pulpit, the pulpit side of the church is sometimes called the gospel side.

Why do cathedrals have two towers?

The cathedral’s two towers act as pillars that keep the building erect; if the belfries would have been lost, the entire cathedral might have followed in a domino effect.

What are the two main types of cathedrals and what are they like?

Romanesque and Gothic architecture

The architecture of cathedrals is based on the old Roman basilica. The earliest Christian churches were a lot like Roman basilicas.

Where is the apse located in a church quizlet?

A semicircular or polygonal projection of a building, usually vaulted and used esp. at the sanctuary or east end of a church. Also, apsis. The bishop’s throne, occupying a recess or apse in an early Christian church.

What is an atrium in a church?

atrium: An open courtyard at the entrance of a church, usually surrounded by covered aisles. The atrium of the Early Christian church was originally a place for the catechumens to wait during the celebration of the Eucharist.

Why do churches face the East?

The first Christians faced east when praying, likely an outgrowth of the ancient Jewish custom of praying in the direction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Due to this established custom, Tertullian says some non-Christians thought they worshipped the sun.

Are Byzantine churches centrally planned?

Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length. The most distinctive feature was the domed roof.

What is another name for basilica?

In this page you can discover 14 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for basilica, like: church, temple, panagia, baptistery, Panayia, nymphaeum, frari, san-marco, cathedral, Roman basilica and shrine.

What is the difference between a shrine and a basilica?

While a cathedral and a basilica must meet certain criteria, just about anything can be a shrine. A box or chest that holds a precious relic is a shrine. The statue of St Francis in your backyard is a shrine. The replica of the Lourdes grotto behind the parish church is a shrine.

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What is the term for the central open space of a basilica?

In a basilican church (see basilica), which has side aisles, nave refers only to the central aisle. The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy.

What’s the difference between a cathedral and a minster?

A Minster is a Church that has priest(s) that administer to and visit the parishioners. It is open to the public for worship. A Cathedral is a Church in which the throne of an Archbishop is located. An Abbey was originally a Church that was used exclusively by monks.

What is the area behind the altar called in a Catholic church?

A canopy placed over an altar is called a ciborium (a word of which “civory” is a variant form) or baldachin. Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s St. Peter’s Baldachin is the most famous of these structures. Early extant ciboria in Ravenna and Rome usually consist of four columns topped by a pyramidal or gabled roof.

What is a small church called?

A chapel is a Christian place of prayer and worship that is usually relatively small. The term has several meanings.

What are the 4 main parts of Mass?

Terms in this set (4)

  • Introductory Rite. **The Introductory Rites begin and introduce the Mass.
  • The Liturgy of the Word. First Reading 2.
  • The Liturgy of the Eucharist. Bring Forth of the Gifts 2.
  • The Concluding Rite. a.

What are the features of a church?

Features of churches

  • the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
  • the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
  • the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
  • a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

What is an aisle seat?

(aɪl siːt ) noun. a seat, esp on a plane, situated at the end of a row, adjacent to the aisle.

Which is the central space of a longitudinal church?

nave The central longitudinal space of a bascilican church. It is usually flanked on its lond sides by aislas which are separated from the nave by columns or piers. In many churches, the lay congregation stand in the nave to attend religious services.

What is the main part of a cathedral called?

Past the narthex is the main part of the church. Generally, this main part has three central aisles. The middle aisle is called the nave. The side aisles were historically used for people passing through the church to get to one of the chapels, while the nave was used for processionals.

What is the main body of a cathedral called?

The main body of the building, making the longer arm of the cross, is called the nave, and is where worshipers congregate; the term is from the Latin word for ship.

What is a four letter word for a covered walkway?


Answer Letters
COVERED walkway with 4 Letters

What is the balcony of a church called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building.

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