What is the cross in a church called?

A crucifix (from Latin cruci fixus meaning “(one) fixed to a cross”) is a cross with an image of Jesus on it, as distinct from a bare cross. The representation of Jesus himself on the cross is referred to in English as the corpus (Latin for “body”).

Whats the cross at the top of a church called?

A processional cross is a crucifix or cross which is carried in Christian processions.


  • 1 Eastern Orthodoxy.
  • 2 Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism and Lutheranism.
  • 3 Methodism.
  • 4 Gallery.

What is the cross on the altar called?

An altar crucifix or altar cross is a cross placed upon an altar, and is often the principal ornament of the altar.

What is the Christianity cross called?

The Christian cross, with or without a figure of Christ included, is the main religious symbol of Christianity. A cross with a figure of Christ affixed to it is termed a crucifix and the figure is often referred to as the corpus (Latin for “body”).

What is the cross symbol called?

The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the crucifixion of Jesus on a large wooden cross, is a renowned symbol of Christianity.

What are parts of a church called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.

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What is the cross in a Catholic church called?

The crucifix is a principal symbol for many groups of Christians, and one of the most common forms of the Crucifixion in the arts.

What are the two pieces of the cross called?

Justus Lipsius invented a specific terminology to distinguish different forms of what could be called a cross or crux. His basic twofold distinction was between the crux simplex (a simple stake) and the crux compacta (a composite of two pieces of wood).

What is the Orthodox cross called?

The Russian Orthodox cross has three horizontal crossbeams, with the lowest one slanted downwards. Nowadays it is a symbol of the Russian Orthodox Church and a distinctive feature of the cultural landscape of Russia. Other names for the symbol include the Russian cross, and Slavonic or Suppedaneum cross.

What is the cross with a circle called?

The Celtic Cross is basically a Latin cross with a circle of light, or a halo intersecting it. This cross also known as the Irish cross or the cross of Iona is a famous Christian symbol that has its roots in paganism.

What is the synonym of cross?

Synonyms. go across. pass over. traverse. I traversed the narrow pedestrian bridge.

What are the four parts of the church?

The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.

What are the three parts of the church?

the Church Triumphant, which consists of those who have the beatific vision and are in Heaven. These divisions are known as the “three states of the Church,” especially within Catholic ecclesiology.

What is a cathedral cross?

What is a ‘Cathedral Cross’?

The term ‘Cathedral Cross’ has been used when referring to a war memorial that has been erected by a religious institution, characteristically by a cathedral church, and is not necessarily in the form of a cross.

Why do Catholics make a cross on their body?

At baptism the Lord claimed us as His own by marking us with the Sign of the Cross. Now, when we sign ourselves, we are affirming our loyalty to Him. By tracing the cross on our bodies, we are denying that we belong to ourselves and declaring that we belong to Him alone (see Lk 9:23).

What are the 3 tiers of an altar?

Altars with three levels represent the sky, the earth and the underworld according to my other Tia. This has connections to the Aztec belief system and in the Christian world view, the three levels could be either hell, heaven and earth or a representation of the Holy Trinity.

What is a synonym for altar?

nounalter in a christian church. Lord’s table. altar. chancel table. holy table.

What are the names of the parts of the cross?


  • 1st Station: Jesus is condemned to death.
  • 2nd Station: Jesus takes up his Cross.
  • 3rd Station: Jesus falls for the first time.
  • 4th Station: Jesus meets his Mother.
  • 5th Station: Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus carry the Cross.
  • 6th Station: Veronica wipes the face of Jesus.
  • 7th Station: Jesus falls for the second time.
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What is the Greek name for cross?

Stauros (σταυρός) is a Greek word for a stake or an implement of capital punishment. The Greek New Testament uses the word stauros for the instrument of Jesus’ crucifixion, and it is generally translated cross in Christian contexts.

What is a Medieval cross called?

It was called a “crux gemmata,” or “gemmed cross.” From the sixth century through the early Middle Ages, artistic representations of the Crucifixion became more common. Sometimes Christ was depicted on the cross alone, perhaps between the other two criminals crucified with him.

Why do Christians not use crucifix?

Most Protestant churches never display a crucifix but often show a plain Latin cross. A Latin cross looks like a lowercase letter “t.” As part of the Reformation, many Protestants purposely stripped their churches of decoration, believing previous practices had become ostentatious and distracted from proper worship.

Do Catholics wear crosses or crucifix?

Wearing the Crucifix among the Christian community also varies, among each denomination. For example, whilst Catholics display the Crucifix in their churches and often wear Crucifix’s or carry them for prayer and protection, people of the Protestant faith wear a plain cross.

What does the Bible say about tattoos?

But in the ancient Middle East, the writers of the Hebrew Bible forbade tattooing. Per Leviticus 19:28, “You shall not make gashes in your flesh for the dead, or incise any marks on yourselves.” Historically, scholars have often understood this as a warning against pagan practices of mourning.

What does a black cross mean?

Black cross or Black Cross may refer to: Black Cross (Teutonic Order), heraldic insignia of the Teutonic order (since 1205) Black Cross (Germany), military emblem of Prussia and Germany, derived from the cross used by the Teutonic order. Anarchist Black Cross, an anarchist support organization.

Who can wear a Celtic cross?

The symbol in both forms is used by non-extremists in contexts such as Christianity, neo-Paganism, and Irish patriotism. The vast majority of uses of the Celtic cross are not associated with white supremacists.

What three crosses mean?

Roman soldiers on horseback, along with grieving citizens, surround the crosses. A beam of light, representing God’s light from heaven, pierces the darkened sky to envelope the crucified figure of Christ.

The Three Crosses
Location Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

What is cross short for?


Acronym Definition
CROSS Customs Rulings Online Search System (US Customs and Border Protection searchable database)
CROSS Cross Support Service
CROSS Centres Regionaux Operationnels de Surveillance et de Sauvetage
CROSS Comité Régional de l’Organisation Sanitaire et Sociale
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What is the other term of Calvary?

synonyms: martyrdom. type of: affliction. a cause of great suffering and distress.

What are the 6 model of the church?

Welcoming this as a sign of vitality, Avery Dulles has carefully studied the writings of contemporary Protestant and Catholic ecclesiologists and sifted out six major approaches, or “models,” through which the Church’s character can be understood: as Institution, Mystical Communion, Sacrament, Herald, Servant, and, in …

What is the room in the Church called?

chapel. noun. a separate room or area within a church where people can go to pray or worship on their own.

What is behind the altar?

A reredos (/ˈrɪərˌdɒs, ˈrɪərɪ-, ˈrɛrɪ-/ REER-dos, REER-ih-, RERR-ih-) is a large altarpiece, a screen, or decoration placed behind the altar in a church.

What is the purpose of a crossing in a church?

In a typically oriented church (especially of Romanesque and Gothic styles), the crossing gives access to the nave on the west, the transept arms on the north and south, and the choir, as the first part of the chancel, on the east. The crossing is sometimes surmounted by a tower or dome.

What is a Passion cross?

The Passion Cross has sharpened points at the end of one or more of the cross members. It is also referred to as the Cross of Suffering representing the nails that Christ suffered at his Crucifixion. Passion, in this definition, comes from the Latin passio, which means suffering or enduring.

Why do Catholics tap their chests?

It is to shake the soul awake into the consciousness that God is calling, so that she may hear, and take his part and punish herself. She reflects, repents and is contrite. It is for this reason that priest and people strike their breasts when they confess their sins at the foot of the altar.

What does wearing a cross sideways mean?

Since a cross lies horizontal when someone is carrying it on their shoulders, like Christ carrying the cross, some believe it can symbolize a person’s choice to accept the Lord and His teachings. The symbolism behind this meaning is that devout Christians must take up their own cross and follow the Lord.

What are church decorations called?

An ecclesiastical decoration is an order or a decoration conferred by a head of a church.

What are altar coverings called?

The pall (palla) is a stiffened square card covered with white linen, usually embroidered with a cross, or some other appropriate symbol. The purpose of the pall is to keep dust and insects from falling into the Eucharistic elements.

What is the space around an altar called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building.

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